Useful Tools
Calculations
Calculating the volume (dimensional) weight:
Volume = Length x Width x Height in CM (centimeters) or IN (inches)
Volume Conversion Formula Volume Weight
CM x CM x CM /6000 Volume Weight (in kilograms)
IN x IN x IN /166 Volume Weight (in pounds)
IN x IN x IN /366 Volume Weight (in kilograms)
Cubic Meters /0.006 Volume Weight (in kilograms)
Cubic Feet x 10.41 Volume Weight (in pounds)
Volume Weight Rounding Rule:
When calculating volume weight in kilograms (kgs), the result shall be rounded up to the
next higher whole or half-kilogram. If in pounds (lbs), round up to the next higher whole
pound.
For example: 2.4 kgs rounds to 2.5 kgs, 4.2 lbs round to 5 lbs.
Volume Rounding Rule:
Before calculating the volume of an air shipment, any half or larger fraction of a centimeter
or inch shall be rounded up to the next higher whole centimeter or inch.
For smaller fractions, round to the next lower whole centimeter or inch.
For example: 2.6 CM rounds to 3 CM, 5.3 IN rounds to 5 IN.
Air Cargo Sizes
Maximum Dimensions Maximum Weight
Lower Deck Cargo 318 L x 224 W x 163 H (CM) 4500 Kgs per piece or unit
125 L x 88 W x 64 H (IN) 9923 Lbs per piece or unit
Main Deck Cargo 305 L x 220 W x 300 H (CM) 6000 Kgs per piece or unit
120 L x 87 W x 118 H (IN) 13230 Lbs per piece or unit
Conversions
Standard and Metric Conversions of Weights and Measures
TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY
Inches (in) Centimeters (cm) 2.54
Inches (in) Meters (m) 0.0254
Inches (in) Millimeters (mm) 25.4
Foot (ft) Centimeters (cm) 30.54
Foot (ft) Meter (m) 0.3054
Millimeters (mm) Inches (in) 0.039
Centimeters (cm) Inches (in) 0.394
Meters (m) Feet (ft) 3.281
Pounds (lbs) Kilograms (kgs) 0.453592
Kilos (kgs) Pounds (lbs) 2.20462
Short Tons (US) Kilos (kgs) 900
Square Inches (in²) Sq. Centimeters (cm²) 6.54
Square Inches (in²) Sq. Meters (m²) 0.000645
Square Feet (ft²) Sq. Centimeters (cm²) 932.69
Square Feet (ft²) Sq. Meters (m²) 0.093269
Square Yards (yd²) Sq. Centimeters (cm²) 8394.22
Square Yards (yd²) Sq. Meters (m²) 0.839422
Cubic Inches (in³) Cubic Centimeters (cm³) 16.387
Cubic centimeters (cm³) Cubic Inches (in³) 0.061
Cubic Inches (in³) Cubic Meters (m³) 0.0000164
Cubic Feet (ft³) Cubic Centimeters (cm³) 28322
Cubic Feet (ft³) Cubic Meters (m³) 0.02832
Cubic Feet (ft³) Cubic Inches (in³) 1728
Cubic Meters (m³) Cubic Centimeters (cm³) 16.39
Cubic Meters (m³) Cubic Feet (ft³) 35.315
TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY
Cubic Inches Pounds (Int’l) 166
Cubic Inches Pounds (US) 194
Cubic Inches Kilos (Int’l) 366
Miles per Gallon Liters per Kilometer 2.3518
VOLUME WEIGHT – International Volume Rule
Multiply L” x W” x H” / 366 = volume weight in kgs
L” x W” x H” / 166 = volume weight in lbs
CUBIC FEET
Multiply L” x W” x H” / 1728 = cubic feet
CUBIC METERS
Multiply L” x W” x H” / 1728 X 0.028 = cubic meters
Container Specification
General Purpose Containers:
General Purpose Container 20′ or Standard 20′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
19′ 4″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 10″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 6″ 1,172 Cft 4,916 Lbs 47,900 Lbs
5.900 m 2.350 m 2.393 m 2.342 m 2.280 m 33.2 Cu.m 2,230 Kgs 21,770 Kgs
General Purpose Container 40′ or Standard 40′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
39′ 5″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 10″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 6″ 2,390 Cft 8,160 Lbs 59,040 Lbs
12.036 m 2.350 m 2.697 m 2.338 m 2.585 m 76.3 Cu.m 3,970 Kgs 26,510 Kgs
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General Purpose Container Open Top Container
Open Top Containers:
Open Top Container 20′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
19′ 4″ 7′ 7″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 6″ 7′ 2″ 1,136 Cft 5,280 Lbs 47,620 Lbs
5.894 m 2.311 m 2.354 m 2.286 m 2.184 m 32.23 Cu.m 2,400 Kgs 21,600 Kgs
Open Top Container 40′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
39′ 5″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 8″ 7′ 5″ 2,350 Cft 8,490 Lbs 58,710 Lbs
12.028 m 2.350 m 2.354 m 2.341 m 2.274 m 65.5 Cu.m 3,850 Kgs 26,630 Kgs
Container Specification
Flat Racks:
Flat Rack 20′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
18′ 5″ 7′ 3″ 7′ 4″ 5,578 Lbs 47,333 Lbs
5.620 m 2.200 m 2.233 m 2,530 Kgs 21,470 Kgs
Flat Rack 40′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
39′ 7″ 6′ 10″ 6′ 5″ 12,081 Lbs 85,800 Lbs
12.080 m 2.438 m 2.103 m 5,480 Kgs 39,000 Kgs
Platforms:
Platform 20′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
19′ 11″ 8′ 00″ 7′ 04″ 8,061 Lbs 52,896 Lbs
6.058 m 2.438 m 2.233 m 2,750 Kgs 24,000 Kgs
Platform 40′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
40′ 00″ 8′ 00″ 6′ 5″ 12,783 Lbs 86,397 Lbs
12.18 m 2.40 m 1.95 m 5,800 Kgs 39,200 Kgs
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Platform Flat Rack Refrigerated Container
Refrigerated Containers:
Refrigerated Container 20′ or Reefer 20′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
17′ 8″ 7′ 5″ 7′ 5″ 7′ 5″ 7′ 3″ 1,000 Cft 7,040 Lbs 45,760 Lbs
5.425 m 2.275 m 2.260 m 2.258 m 2.216 m 28.3 Cu.m 3,200 Kgs 20,800 Kgs
Refrigerated Container 40′ or Reefer 40′:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
37′ 8″ 7′ 5″ 7′ 2″ 7′ 5″ 7′ 0″ 2,040 Cft 10,780 Lbs 56,276 Lbs
11.493 m 2.270 m 2.197 m 2.282 m 2.155 m 57.8 Cu.m 4,900 Kgs 25,580 Kgs
Refrigerated Container 40′ High Cube or Reefer 40′ High Cube:
Inside Inside Inside Door Door Tare Maxi
Length Width Height Width Height Capacity Weight Cargo
37′ 11″ 7′ 6″ 8′ 2″ 7′ 6″ 8′ 0″ 2,344 Cft 9,900 Lbs 57,561 Lbs
11.557 m 2.294 m 2.500 m 2.294 m 2.440 m 66.6 Cu.m 4,500 Kgs 25,980 Kgs
Incoterms
What are Incoterms?
Incoterms or INternational COmmercial TERMS are a set of simple three letter codes which
represent the different ways international shipments may be organised. They allow sellers
and buyers from different cultures and legal systems to decide at what point the ownership
and paying for freight, insurance and customs costs transfer from one to the other.
There are four groups of Incoterms – “E”, “F”, “C” & “D”
Group E:
EXW or Ex Works (named place)
Under EXW, the seller minimizes his risk by only making the goods available at his own
premises.
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the buyer.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods are at the disposal of the buyer.
Cost transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods are at the disposal of the buyer.
Group F:
Under F terms, and under FCA unless otherwise agreed, the seller arranges and pays for the
pre-carriage in the country of export.
FCA or Free Carrier (named place):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the buyer or by the seller on the buyer’s behalf.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the carrier
at the named place.
Cost transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the carrier
at the named place.
FAS or Free Alongside Ship (named port):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the buyer.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been placed alongside the ship
Cost transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been placed alongside the ship
FOB or Free on Board (named port):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the buyer.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship’s rail.
Cost transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship’s rail.
Group C:
Under C terms, the seller arranges and pays for the main carriage but without assuming the
risk of the main carriage.
CFR or Cost & Freight (named port):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the seller.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship’s rail.
Cost transfers at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller’s account
under the contract of carriage.
Incoterms
CIF or Cost, Insurance & Freight (named port):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the seller.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship’s rail.
Cost transfers at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller’s account
under the contract of carriage.
CPT or Carriage Paid To (named place):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the seller.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered to the carrier.
Cost transfers at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller’s account
under the contract of carriage.
CIP or Carriage & Insurance Paid (named place):
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the seller.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered to the carrier.
Cost transfers at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller’s account
under the contract of carriage.
Group D:
Under D terms, the seller’s cost/risk is maximized because he must make the goods available
upon arrival at the agreed destination.
DAP or Delivered at Place
Seller pays for carriage to the named place, except for costs related to import clearance,
and assumes all risks prior to the point that the goods are ready for unloading by the buyer.
DAT or Delivered at Terminal
Seller pays for carriage to the terminal, except for costs related to import clearance,
and assumes all risks up to the point that the goods are unloaded at the terminal.
DDP or Delivered Duty Paid (named place)
Carriage of goods to be arranged by the seller.
Risk transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods are placed at the disposal of the
buyer.
Cost transfers from the seller to the buyer when the goods are placed at the disposal of the
buyer.